Autocracy under Siege
Security Police and Opposition in Russia, 1866-1905
Jonathan W. Daly
"A thorough, thoughtful, and well-written examination of the development of Russia's security police in the late imperial era."—Slavic Review
"An invaluable contribution to scholarly research."
Imperial Russia's security police have long been popularly associated with administrative lawlessness, harsh repression, and throngs of spies. Shocking tales told by revolutionaries and tendentious Soviet accounts have perpetuated such views. Yet Russia's security service on the eve of the Revolution of 1905 was relatively small-scale, law-abiding, and humane, especially given the extent of social and politcal opposition the regim faced.
Autocracy under Siege examines the role of the security service in the titanic struggle between the regime and those dedicated to the defeat of monarchical absolutism. From the first terrorist attempt on the life of a Russian emperor in 1866 through the seismic upheaval of 1905, Daly traces the reaction, expansion, and evolution of the security police in the face of the increased antigovernment activity that threatened the continued survival of the regime.
Drawing upon a wealth of sources, including many recently declassified archival documents, Autocracy under Siege provides a detailed analysis of the personnel, institutions, and effectiveness of the imperial Russian security police. Daly further explores the interplay of regime and opposition when they confronted each other most directly in the years before the 1905 upheaval.
Through comparisons with western European police institutions, Daly ultimately reveals that, despite its infamous reputation, the imperial Russian security police actually resembled European models, a notion previously rejected by other historians. The most probing analysis to date of how and why Russia's security police developed, this study will prove essential to historian of Russia and Europe and to readers interested in the fields of politics, law, and revolution.
(1998) 272 pp.
Table of Contents
1 The Origins of a Modern Security Police in Russia
2 The Security Police System: Personnel and Local Institutions
3 New Security Policing Methods
4 Combating Conspiratorial and Broad-Based Opposition, 1891–1902
5 Zubatov's Unfinished Reforms, 1902–1904
6 Police and Administration in the Revolution of 1905
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